중국의사회신용평가

마지막으로 [b]

NPR Inidcator 특집.

빅브라더의 현실화인데, 정작 중국사람은 이를 좋게 보고 있다. 운전자가 보행자를 신경쓰는 등 시범도시에서 가시적인 성과가 보이고 있고, 가짜우유파동 같은 일이 다시 안 생길 거라는 기대때문에.

다만 블랙리스트에 올라간 사람은 도시 곳곳의 전광판에 자신의 사진과 신분증이 전시되고, 조금이라도 비싼 물건은 사지도, 예약도 못하는 일을 당하고 있어서 괴로워하고 있다. 재기할 기회가 거의 없어지는 셈.

남의 시선으로 보면 빅브라더이지만 안에서는 이런 느낌을 갖는 것이 사실 한국에도 있다. 주민등록번호라고. -- Nyxity 2018-10-13 12:04 am


BOTSMAN: The government's idea was, well, why don't we bypass this system in the West of using credit history and that they would have what they called a social citizen score that would track and assess them in all different areas of their lives to really determine whether someone was trustworthy or whether they weren't.
Alibaba is like China's version of Amazon. It has more than 500 million customers. That is tons of data on what these customers buy. And Alibaba also owns one of the largest online payment systems in the country and has its own credit scoring system called Sesame Credit. Alibaba knows a lot about how people spend and borrow and how much money they likely have. The government partnered with Alibaba to use some of the company's data to help formulate people's social credit score.
it's really unclear how much data or what data Chinese companies are sharing with the government and how the data is getting used.
And recent surveys have found that the majority of Chinese parents still buy foreign-made formula because they don't trust the Chinese brands. Rachel says a social credit score might help consumers feel like people and companies in China will start to be held accountable for their actions, and it could repair the trust from incidents like the milk scandal.

DUAN: (Through interpreter) One thing that comes along with the blacklist or untrustworthy list is that you are barred from high-end consumption, which means that you can't take a speed train, you can't fly.

GARCIA: Flying to Beijing, Lao Duan says, takes 90 minutes. But that's considered luxury travel, so he couldn't do that. He would end up, instead, taking the slow train to Beijing, which is 14 hours.

VANEK SMITH: And Lao Duan was blocked from booking a lot of hotel rooms in Beijing because that was considered a luxury expenditure. Trying to start this new business began to feel impossible.

DUAN: (Through interpreter) It's a big electric screen. By the side of a big plaza, there are, like, huge screens, and they are very eye-catching. You can really see them from afar. And I saw my pictures on the screens - my picture from my ID card and my ID card number and my name.

VANEK SMITH: The billboard said, this man is untrustworthy. Lao Duan says these billboards are all over town.

GARCIA: Lao Duan says he started to feel self-conscious about it all the time. It became really hard to go out.

And China's social credit score will in some ways be similar to the credit score system we use in the United States. It'll include things like whether or not you've paid back loans. But the Chinese social credit system will also include behavior, things like how you act at work or whether you obey traffic laws. Xu Ranjan, our IT engineer, is living this system right now.
VANEK SMITH: Forget to clean up after your pet - minus 10 points. If you have a really high score, you get discounts at a bunch of local businesses. Your heating bill can go down. You can get some cable channels for free, including a soap opera channel and a kung fu channel. You also get special invitations to community events.

GARCIA: If your score is low, life gets pretty hard - no invites, no free kung fu channel. Also, you might not be able to get a promotion at work even if you've been doing a great job. You just won't be eligible. To keep track of all this, the government works with designated watchers. These are people who keep track of goings-on in their neighborhoods. And they keep track of neighbors' behavior and update people's scores.

VANEK SMITH: We talked about this with Xu Ranjan, the 32-year-old IT engineer in Rongcheng. But he says the monitoring doesn't feel creepy to him. He says it's made his city better.

XU: (Through interpreter) Take traffic again, for example. In the past, if you're a driver and you're not giving way to the pedestrian, probably you won't feel that you are doing something wrong.

VANEK SMITH: But now that there are rules and consequences in traffic, says Ranjan, it's clear what the right behavior is. And people are behaving. Ranjan told us he thinks this is kind of a step in the evolution of society and people living together where the needs of the community are put ahead of the needs of the individual.

GARCIA: On the other hand, one of the reasons that this system gives so many people a lot of pause - the Chinese government will almost certainly be using it to try and control its population even more than it already does to bolster its own power. Remember; one way to lose a lot of points in your social credit score is to, quote, "spread rumors online."


See also
새 글 쓰기(클릭) - 링크는 [http://nyxity.com/wiki/wiki.pl 바벨의 도서관] 형식입니다.

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